1 inch BSP malleable black iron union.
A union is similar to a coupling, except it is designed to allow quick and convenient disconnection of pipes for maintenance or fixture replacement. While a coupling would require either welding, soldering or being able to rotate with all the pipes adjacent as with a threaded coupling, a union provides a simple transition, allowing easy connection or disconnection at any future time. A standard pipe union is made in three parts consisting of a nut, a female end, and a male end. When the female and male ends are joined, the nuts then provide the necessary pressure to seal the joint.
Malleable black iron plumbing fittings are used for gas / air / oil /sprinkler / heating applications. They are NOT used for fresh water.
BSP (British Standard Pipe Thread) sizes don’t match up with what you would measure using a ruler. Have a look at the BSPT link at the bottom of this page for more information about how plumbing threads are measured.