Telephone Wiring and Accessories

Telephone Wiring and Accessories

BT engineers use the following colour codes for wiring telephone extensions (though DIY engineers may do it differently) :

PinWire Colour
Pin 1Not connected
Pin 2Blue with white rings (very old cable used to be a solid blue colour)
Pin 3Orange with white rings (very old cable used to be a solid brown colour)
Pin 4White with orange rings (very old cable used to be a solid green colour)
Pin 5White with blue rings (very old cable used to be a solid orange colour)
Pin 6Not connected

In a normal household, pins numbered 1 and 6 in phone sockets are not used, so you only need 4 core (2 pair) cable for extensions.

Incoming BT phone cable usually has two colours :

Orange is called the “B” wire and is normally connected to either pin 2 in the master socket or if it is the newer NTE5 style socket, its own B terminal. If you measure the Voltage with a multimeter, it should be about minus 50 Volts DC with respect to earth.

White is called the “A” wire and is normally connected to either pin 5 in the master socket or if it's the newer NTE5 style socket, its own A terminal. If you measure the Voltage with a multimeter, it should be about the same as earth.

You should also be able to measure 48-50 Volts between "A" and "B".

Be careful with your phone wiring, if you make a mess of things your phone company can (and probably will) charge £100+ for a callout.

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